Wednesday, November 24, 2010

Why do North & South Korea are enemies of each other even they are same people and living very closely?

Posted by Lil' Sue at 11/24/2010 12:44:00 PM
Reactions: 

1) Simple answer---> North korea is communist and south korea is pro american, north korea has threatened to invade south korea several times over the years, america will not allow this to happen.

2) Source ---> http://www.hyperhistory.net/apwh/essays/cot/t3w30korea.htm
Although Korea has a long history of unity and success, their present situation is horrible. Split into two countries following World War II, North Korea inherited a communistic form of government from the USSR, while South Korea became a democracy. While North Korea has lived in both a physical and religious drought, South Korea has found prosperity at home and abroad, as they grow in success, and spread the gospel around the world. 

The Rise of Korea
Migrants from Manchuria, northern China and Mongolia first populated the Korean Peninsula. Mostly farmers, their tools have been found all over Korea and display superior technology for the time. Located between the militaristic peoples of China, Manchuria, and Japan, throughout its history Korea has always found itself under attack. Because of this, the Korean culture blends those of their neighbors. However, Silla, the area in southern Korea, was isolated from most of the conflicts, and was therefore one of the last places to be influenced by alien thinking. Because of this, they developed their own distinct art and architecture, which became the Korean style. Buddhism entered in the early years of the 5th Century, AD, and drastically changed their culture and architecture. In 668AD, the Three Kingdoms which had developed were once again united as one, and remained so until Japan annexed Korea in 1910, and it became a Japanese colony.

World War II
As World War II broke out, the Korean culture and lifestyle had been completely stifled by the Japanese occupation. All civil liberties had been revoked, and many private schools were replaced by a public educational system that was focused on incorporating Korean youth into the Japanese cultural system. However, the suppression created unity among the Korean people. The leaders of the United States of America, the United Kingdom, and China recognized their struggle for independence in December of 1943 with the signing of the Cairo Declaration. When the Pacific War ended with Japan's surrendered on August 15th, 1945, the United States accepted the surrender of all troops south of the 38th Parallel, while the Soviet Union accepted all those surrendering north of this line. As the two parts of Korea were put back on their feet, the United Nations set elections for 1947, which would reunite Korea under one local government. However, the North refused, splitting the nation in two. Out of this came the Democratic People's Republic of Korea, with it's capital in Pyongyang, and the Republic of Korea, centered in Seoul.

The Korean War
While a communist government took control in North Korea, the United States gradually returned control of South Korea to the people, leaving a military group of advisors behind, following their final departure in 1949. North Korea used this opportunity to invade South Korea, which they did on June 25th, 1950. The United States forces, commanded by Douglas MacArthur, and other countries sent military assistance to South Korea. Despite the help, the Korean War was long and hard, lasting for three years, as it wreaked havoc across Korea, devastating the land. It was not until a cease-fire in 1953 that the war ended. A four kilometer-wide area was established along the Military Demarcation Line (the 38th Parallel) and became known as the Demilitarized Zone, or DMZ. This communist aggression provides comparisons of the Korean and Vietnam wars

The Republic of Korea
South Korea came out of the war as a free nation, but they had little else to show for it. The war had completely disrupted the country and left an uneasy government. Syng-man Rhee was elected President three times, but general unrest and the April 19 Student Revolution of 1960 led to his resignation. The following years brought to power several other presidents and political groups, who worked to bring prosperity to Korea. Economic programs were implanted which thrust South Korea in line with industrially developed countries. However, things were not easy and despite the growth, assassinations, martial law and civil unrest have marked the nation's history since the 60's. When South Korea hosted the Asian games in 1986, and the Summer Olympics in 1988, they advanced their international status, and the Korean people's national pride grew.
One other advancement that has made a vast difference is their religious development. Although traditionally Koreans practice a shamanistic form of Buddhism, in more recent years the number of protestant believers has multiplied at an amazing rate. The church has grown strong, and surveys taken in 2001 of the South Koreans showed over 7 million Christians. Also, Korean churches and agencies send out more evangelical missionaries per capita then any other country in the world. Pastor Paul Yonggi Cho founded the world's largest evangelical church in South Korea. As a whole, South Korea has done amazingly well when it comes to religious growth. 

The Democratic People's Republic of Korea
North Korea developed differently than the south, however. While it became virtually impossible to cross the border, the situation looked good for the communist country, as the discovery of rich mineral deposits greatly aided in the development of industries. A socialist economy was assumed, with the State in control of 90% of the nation's industry, and the other 10% in the hands of organized cooperatives. The Korean Workers Party controlled the government with Kim Il Sung as their leader-- both President and Prime Minister. Despite past achievements, in 1991 North Korea began displaying signs of economic trouble. In 1992, they denied access to an inspection from the International Atomic Energy Agency, which strained relations with the West even more. With the death of Kim Il Sung in 1994, his son, Kim Jong Il came to power.
In 1995, floods devastated North Korea, leaving almost the entire population devoid of food. The government surprisingly asked for aid. Despite this, by 1996 food shortages were so widespread, they were reaching famine proportions in some parts of the country. Droughts then followed the flooding, and international aid was insufficient to meet the needs of the people. Because of this, the North Korean government implemented "War Economy" measures. In 1998, with individual portions equaling a simple 100g of rice a day, it was estimated that 100,000 people had died since 1995, due to cold, hunger and the lack of proper medical attention. Even with these problems, North Korea still refused to yield to pressure from the South to comply with treaties.
Since the Korean War, it has been illegal to be a Christian in North Korea. At one time Pyongyang was the "Jerusalem of the East," and there were an estimated 300,000 believers in 1953. In 2001, only 1.7% of the population were Christians, most of these living in either labor camps, or in hiding. In place of the God of the Bible, Kim Jong Il has deified his father, with policies leading to the worship of Kim Il Sung. And so, while Christianity is suppressed, North Koreans are encouraged to idolize their former leader in a bizarre mixture of ancestor worship and a Maoist type personality cult.
Present Day Experiences
The two Koreas are still in a difficult position. While South Korea is doing better and better, North Koreans are starving. Many people find ways to escape into China, and from there to places such as Cambodia and Thailand, and from there, they make their way to South Korea, where the government helps them. If they are caught in China, they are sent back across the border, and often face retribution because of their traveling. However, those who make it to South Korea face many difficulties as they enter from the iron grip of North Korea's communism to the democracy of South Korea. Young people often get in trouble when faced with the choices of freedom. They sometimes have problems finding their place, because as North Koreans, they are treated differently by many South Koreans. Although there are dialect differences, the immigrants soon alter this, so they are no longer distinguished from others. Another difficulty is their religious mindset. They have been brainwashed into understanding that Kim Il Sung is a godlike figure, so even when they accept the Christian gospel, they have a hard time understanding the supremacy of God.
In conclusion, over the years North and South Korea have developed separately from each other. After years of difficulties for South Korea, they have finally emerged as a thriving nation. On the other hand, however, North Korea is sinking further and further into trouble, as they face mass starvation and economic problems. While South Korea has experienced economic success and Christianity, North Korea has been given starvation and their former leader to worship. The two countries face the most militarized border in the world. Given North Korea's refusal to join the international community who support religious freedom, but instead put their faith in militarism, they are unlikely to find peace.

3 comments:

Lil' Sue said...

I hope the situation will be better...honestly the military action wont be the best solution for everyone...sigh...War is not the only option...they can choose better option than sacrificing innocent lives...

Jaja Yunizah said...

waaaaa...u know a lot more thing than me darl....hope my trip is gonna be great and safe.

Lil' Sue said...

Jaja Darling..enjoy ur trip..so far there is no impact for the Tourism Industry...No order to suspend air flights yet... Just hope the situation will get better...

 

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